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Getting Started with Elisa

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Language Description

1. Lexical Elements
2. Basic Data Types and Expressions
3. Definitions
4. Streams
5. Backtracking
6. Statements and Special Expressions
7. Arrays
8. Lists
9. Descriptors
10. Components
11. Collections
12. Generic Components
13. Terms
14. Categories
15. Types 

16. Built-in Definitions
17. Higher-order Definitions

18. External Interfaces

Index

Data Structures

1. Sequences
2. Examples involving Lists
3. Trees
4. Graphs
5. Searching State Spaces
6. Language Processing
7. Knowledge Representations          

 

Metaprogramming

1. Introduction
2. What are Domain Definitions?

3.  Sorts of Domain Definitions

4.  Manipulations of Domain Definitions

5.  Translating Domain Definitions

6.  Dialogue Sessions

7.  Example of Concentric Circles

8.  Example of Domain Substitution applied to Concentric Circles

9.  Example of an Order Processing Application

10.Example of an Airport Information System

11.Example of a Rental Boat Business

12.Benefits of Domain Definitions

   

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SINGLETON

1 Purpose

2 Problem Description

3 Domain Definitions

4 Elisa Components

1 Purpose

Ensure a class only has one instance, and provide a global point of access to it.

2 Problem Description

 

It's important for some classes to have exactly one instance. Although there can be many printers in a system, there should be only one printer spooler. There should be only one file system and one window manager. A digital filter will have one A/D converter. An accounting system will be dedicated to serving one company.

How do we ensure that a class has only one instance and that the instance is easily accessible? A global variable makes an object accessible, but it doesn't keep you from instantiating multiple objects.

A better solution is to make the class itself responsible for keeping track of its sole instance. The class can ensure that no other instance can be created (by intercepting requests to create new objects), and it can provide a way to access the instance. This is the Singleton pattern.

3 Domain Definitions

(Empty )

4 Elisa components

As an example we will apply the singleton pattern to a single database connection:

component SingletonExample;
type DatabaseConnection;
     DatabaseConnection( DBname = text) -> DatabaseConnection;
begin
     SingleConnection:= null(DatabaseConnection); << global variable >>

     DatabaseConnection(DBname) = [ if invalid(SingleConnection) then 

                                        SingleConnection:= DatabaseConnection:[DBname];
                                        SingleConnection ];
end component SingletonExample;

 

The global variable SingleConnection points to an invalid DatabaseConnection or to the first valid DatabaseConnection. Two successive calls to the DatabaseConnection constructor returns in both cases the first result. 

DatabaseConnection("first")?
DatabaseConnection:[DBname = "first"]

DatabaseConnection("second")?
DatabaseConnection:[DBname = "first"]

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  Part 5: Design Patterns   Singleton

 
            
Introduction

Home | Highlights of Elisa | Integrating Different Paradigms | Getting Started with Elisa | Demo's  | What is Domain Orientation | Bibliography | Copyright | News | Contact | Contents

Language Description:

Lexical Elements | Basic Data Types and Expressions | Definitions | Streams | Backtracking | Statements and Special Expressions | Arrays | Lists | Descriptors | Components | Collections | Generic Components | Terms | Categories | Types | Built-in Definitions | Higher-order Definitions | External Interfaces | Index 

Data Structures: Sequences | Examples involving Lists | Trees | Graphs | Searching State Spaces | Language Processing | Knowledge Representations
Domain Modeling:

Domain Modeling | Concepts | Domain Definitions | Domain Operations | Domain Implementations | Systems | Case study: an Order processing system | Case study: an Airport Support system | Domain Orientation versus Object Orientation

Design Patterns:

Introduction | Abstract Factory | Builder | Factory Method | Prototype | Singleton | Adapter | Bridge | Composite | Decorator | Facade | Flyweight | Proxy | Chain of Responsibility | Command | Interpreter | Iterator | Mediator | Memento | Observer | State | Strategy | Template Method | Visitor 

 

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